The Dragon Tree is also known as Canary Islands dragon tree and Dracaena Draco. It is a subtropical tree that has similar qualities as Dracaena group, originated in the Canary Island, and also found in Western Morocco, Cape Verde, and Madeira. The dragon tree is the Tenerife Island’s natural symbol, in conjunction with the blue chaffinch.
The dragon trees are found all over the Canary Islands, and also in several other countries globally. You can also see them in Central America and Southern Asia. The only difference between the dragon tree and other related or sub-species is its age and size.
Icod de los Vinos Dragon Tree Popular Attraction
Your Tenerife holidays wouldn’t be complete without visiting Icod de los Vinos and its main attraction El Dragos or Dragon tree.
Dragon tree is a monocot that grows like a tree, but it falls under the asparagus family. When the Dracaena Draco is young, it has a single stem. But, when it became 15 to 20 years old, it blossoms its first spike flower in white color and smells like lily flowers. Then the flowers become coral berries. Once it starts terminal bud crown, then the branching starts and each branch grows around 10-15 years, and they start branching, and the re-branching process continues. The plant grows slowly, and in ten years, it will grow around 4ft (1.2mts).
The Dragon Tree is a relative of the Socotra Dragon tree and belongs to asparagus family.
More About Dragon Tree
The Guanche people of the Island used the liquid of the tree in their mummification processes. The Sangre de Drago was used in Ancient Rome as a Colorant. In Europe, it is used as an antioxidant and varnish for iron tools.
The dragon tree also has a significant role in Greek Myth, including The Apples of Hesperides, The Eleventh Labor of Hercules, a hundred headed dragons, after London, red blood flowed on the land and from it sprouted up the trees called as Dragon Trees. The dragon tree also played a significant ecological role. Earlier, around five hundred years ago, the dragon tree fruit was the fast food of a Dodo, endemic birds that you cannot find now.
The dragon trees spread all over the place as the flightless bird digestive tract helped generate germination. Now the trees are gradually reducing in number because of the extinction of the bird species, and the natural process is decreasing. However, to grow more trees of the dragon, currently, the professional are manually processed to germinate the seeds.
The dragon tree species are protected under law from uprooting and picking in Cape Verde. To grow the dragon tree species at home, you need light shade, place the plant where it does not get bright light, as the bright light can burn the leaves, and if you place it in a dark place, the leaves grow small and give a limp look. Also, keep the soil wet, but not soggy, all the time. Don’t put any water in the winter months, but make sure that the soil is not dry completely.
Besides visiting El Dragos there are much more things to do in Tenerife.